Distinguished Professor Paul Spoonley1
1Pro Vice-Chancellor of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences at Massey University, New Zealand
The Global Financial Crises (2008-2012) marked an interesting switch point in terms of international education, including New Zealand. Some developed societies (cf UK) have significantly reduced international student numbers while others (cf NZ) have expanded their international educational engagement. There are two factors that will impact on these international flows: significant demographic changes (ageing, declining fertility) which will impact on labour supply (including for countries like China) combined with the growing gig economy with implications for employment and education.